Anthropological Survey of India began modestly, with a budget sanction of 0.14 lakh, in the first four months of its formation from December 1945 to March, 1946. Its first budget grant was 1.34 lakh for the financial year 1946-47. From then on, the An.S.I. grew from strength to strength. In 2002-03, 56 years later the budgetary grant of the Survey stood at 966 lakhs, while sixty years after its beginnings, the An.S.I. received a budgetary grant of Rs. 1056 lakhs of rupees. Over the decades, the non-plan expenditure of the Anthropological Survey rose at the expense of planned expenditure. For instance, in the financial year of 2002-03, the non-plan expenditure was 24 per cent of its total outlay, while the same during the year of 2007-08 was 71 per cent. Consequent on this, the plan expenditure came down from 76 per cent in the year 2002-03 to 29 per cent in 2006-07.
During the current plan period of 2007-2012, the expenditure to be incurred under salary head takes fifty per cent of the total, while the infrastructural development would eat away about 32 percent of the outlay and implementation of the research schemes would garner around 15 per cent of the outlay.